Vibroflotation stone column working method
1.1 Vibroflotation introduction
Vibroflotation is one of a typical technique which is a widely used application for foundation soil improvement. Vibroflotation method can be divided into vibro-compaction method and vibro-replacement method or Vibroflotation stone column method according to different requirements of construction.
The construction method is to lift the vibroflot device with a crane, start the submersible motor to drive the eccentric block, so that the vibroflot device will generate high-frequency vibration, at the same time start the high-pressure water pump,under the effect of vibration and high-pressure water, vibroflot will be reach the design depth of pile. After cleaning hole , stone shall be filled from the ground to the hole section by section. Each compaction period is 30-50cm. After the vibroflotation meets the design requirements, the vibroflotation device is lifted and another pile section is built.
2 Stone column working method
2.1 Preparation for construction
1) Feeding Material
It is advisable to adopt hard materials such as gravel, pebble,coarse sand and slag, mud content is less than 5% and appropriate gradation is suggested. The particle size range of material is generally 20mm!150mm.
2) Main construction machines and tools
Vibroflot: Model selected according to the soil condition and design requirement
Lifting machine: Crawler crane or truck crane or movable pile frame, etc
Other auxiliary equipment: electrical cabinet, high pressure pump, mud pump, submersible pump, loader or small excavator, generator, etc
3) Other preparations
Joint review of drawing, technical disclosure, site preparation (electricity, water,road and site formation), sewage system, pile placement
2.2 Stone column construction
1) Trail construction
Before the normal construction, the trail construction should be carried out to determine the construction parameters such as working electrical current, water pressure, vibration holding time and amount of filling.
2) Construction process
A. Clean the site. Connect the power supply,water resource and measure the pile position
B. Machines are in the place and vibroflot is aligned with the pile point
C. Hole boring
a. Open the pressure pump. When water spray from the outlet of vibrator, start the vibrator and begin the hole boring when vibrator operate normally. Slowly penetrate the vibroflot into the soil, until the design depth.
b. The vibroflot should be in a suspended state in the whole boring process.
c. The boring speed depend on the soil hardness and the type of vibroflot and the water pressure, etc., the maximum speed is generally controlled at no more than 2.0m/min.
D. Pore-hole cleaning: put the vibroflot out of the pore-hole and then insert it again at a fast speed to make the hole unblocked. This process can be repeat 2 to 3 times in order to facilitate stone falling into the bottom of pore-hole.
E. Filling and compaction: feed stone into the pore-hole, sink the vibroflot and compact the filling stone. When the electrical current increase to the specified value, lift the vibroflot to continue the next compaction segment. Generally, the length of compaction segment should be less than 50cm.
F. Compaction job should start from the bottom of the pore-hole and goes up segment by segment, and no leakage is allowed in the middle.
G. Continue the stone column making until achieve to the ground.
H. Finish this stone column making